نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار اقتصاد دانشگاه مفید

2 استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

چکیده

در این مقاله با بکارگیری نظریه لیندر، اثر جهانی شدن بر همپیوندی های تجاری منطقه ای کشورهای اسلامی خاورمیانه و آفریقای شمالی اندازه گیری می شود. نظریه لیندر برخلاف نظریه های تجاری کلاسیکی (از قبیل هکشر- اوهلین) بر جانب تقاضا استوار است و عامل اصلی شکل گیری و گسترش تجارت را همسانی تقاضا می داند در نتیجه همگرایی و واگرایی مسیر درآمد سرانه، اصلی ترین نقش را در افزایش یا کاهش تجارت ایفا می نماید.یافته های این مقاله گویای این است که رفتار تجاری کشورهای عضو جامعه آماری هم با کشورهای عضو سازمان کنفرانس اسلامی و هم با سایر کشورها در مقاطع پیش و پس از جهانی شدن با نظریه لیندر سازگاری دارد.از آنجا که بر اساس مطالعات اسلاوتر، الهی و نهاوندیان، جهانی شدن مسیر درآمد سرانه منطقه را همگرا و مسیر درآمد سرانه جهانی را واگرا می سازد، می توان انتظار داشت که در فرایند جهانی شدن زمینه منطقه گرایی در جامعه آماری تحکیم می گردد

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Clobalization and Regional Integration in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasser Elahi 1
  • Mohammad Nahavandian 2

1 Assistant Professor of Mofid University Economics

2 Assistant Professor, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies

چکیده [English]

This papa uses Linder theory, to measure the effect of globalization on regional trade integration of the Islamic countries in the Middle East and North Africa In contrast with the classical  trade theories (such as the Ilcckschcr- Ohlin Theory), the Linder theory focuses on the demand side and explains the trade patterns on the basis of the similarities in the demand structures. Hence, the convergence and divergence in per capita income trends play a role in increasing or decreasing trade. The findings of this paper suggest that Linda theory can explaine the trade behavior of countries under study with members of OIC nations and rest of the world during periods betbre and after globalization. According to studies by Slaughter. Elahi and Nahavanchan globalization leads to convergence in hemisphere per capita income trends and to divergence in global per capita income trends. Thus one can expect that regionalization is more likely to gain ground among the concerned countries are greater under globalization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Globalization
  • Convergence
  • Divergence
  • Per Capita Income
  • Linder theory
  • new-regionalism
  • common Islamic market
  • Mena

منابع

1-      الهی، ناصر و محمد نهاوندیان،‌« تاثیر جهانی شدن برهمگرایی درآمد سرانه کشورهای اسلامی منطقهMENA »،‌نامه مفید شماره45،‌آذر و دی،‌1383،‌صص:81-111.

 

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