نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه مفید

2 دانشجوی دکترى دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

در کشورهاى غیر مسلمان، مطالعات گسترده‏اى در زمینه اقتصاد و مذهب، از جمله مذهب و رفتار مصرف‏کننده انجام شده است که در ایران بازخورى از آنها نیست. انتقال این مطالعات به داخل کشور همراه با نقد آنها مى‏تواند، زمینه‏هاى مطالعه اقتصاد اسلامى را فراهم‏تر کند. با مطالعه «وبر» بحثهاى جدى در این زمینه آغاز شده است. این مطالعات درباره تفاوتهاى اقتصادى و مصرفى جوامع و افراد، بر حسب مذهب آنها گسترش یافته است، اما در سه دهه اخیر نظریه‏هایى ارائه شده است که در صدد تحلیل رفتار مصرف کننده در قالب مدلهاى اقتصاد خرد بوده‏اند. پایه‏اى ترین این نظریه‏ها، مصرف را با نگرش دنیا و آخرت در نظر گرفته است. اما مطالعات مکمل، بحث اثر سرمایه انسانى مذهبى و اثر مؤسسات و گروههاى مذهبى را در کسب مطلوبیت ناشى از انجام فعالیتهاى مذهبى وارد کرده‏اند. مطالعات جدیدتر، شکل دنیوى بیشترى به فعالیتهاى مذهبى داده‏اند. این مطالعات باید همراه با نقد در ایران ارائه شوند. مقاله حاضر ارائه فشرده و نقدى از این مطالعات گسترده و پراکنده است که ضعفها و قوتهاى آنها را بیان مى‏کند

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining the Relationship between Religion and Consumer Behaviour in other (Non — Islamic ) Faiths

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yaddullah Dadgar 1
  • Murtaza Ezzati 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Mofid University

2 PhD student of Tarbiat Modares University

چکیده [English]

Extensive studies are conducted in non Muslim countries with respect to economics and religion including religion and consumer
behavior of which there is no feedback available in Iran. Transferring these studies into our country along with their critiques can prepare the ground for Islamic economic studies. It was Weber's study that paved the way for the hot debates on the subject. Getting a wider scope, these studies were extended to consumer and economic differences of societies and individuals in respect of their religions. However in the last three decades theories sere raised that sought to analyze consumer behavior in a microeconomic framework. In the most profound theoties this and next world consumptions are taken into account. The complementary studies. however, have incorporated the effects of a religious human capital and religious institutions and religious classes in maximizing utilities resulting from religious rituals. More recent studies have given a more worldly form to the religious rituals. These are the studies to be imported in Iran but along with their critiques. The paper aims at presenting a summery and critiques of these extensive and scattered studies spelling out their pros and cons

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Religion and consumer's behavior
  • Religion and economic behavior
  • Religion and economics
  • Religion and Science

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