نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، دانشکدۀ علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشیار دانشکدۀ علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

3 استاد دانشکدۀ علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

این مقاله، شاخص فساد مالی اقتصاد ایران سال‌های 1358 تا 1393 را به مدد رویکرد الگوی آثار عدیده ـ علل عدید سنجیده است. بدین منظور، با توجه به مبانی نظری و نتایج مطالعات تجربی، متغیرهای رشد اندازۀ دولت، نوع نظام سیاسی، ثبات سیاسی، درجۀ بازبودن اقتصاد و رانت نفتی را به عنوان علل فساد مالی و متغیرهای نرخ رشد تولید ناخالص داخلی اسمی و درصد پس‌انداز ناخالص داخلی به تولید ناخالص داخلی را به عنوان آثار فساد مالی اقتصاد ایران بررسی کرده است. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از الگوی پژوهش، نشان می‌دهد که روند فساد مالی اقتصاد ایران در این دوره، صعودی بوده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Causes, Effects, and Trend of Corruption in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • mehdi zahed gharavi 1
  • Saeed Karimi Potanlar 2
  • Zahra (Mila) Elmi 3
  • Mohamadtaghi Gilak Hakimabadi 2

1 Ph.D. student in Economics, University of Mazandaran, (Corresponding author)

2 Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Mazandaran

3 Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran

چکیده [English]

This paper tries to measure the index of corruption by the Multiple Indicators and Multiple Causes (MIMIC) approach in Iranian economy during the period of 1979-2014. For this purpose, the variables of growth of government size, type of governance system, political stability, the degree of openness and the oil rent as the causes of corruption and the variables of GDP growth and the ratio of savings to GDP as the effects of the corruption have been considered. The results indicate that the trend of corruption has been increasing in Iranian economy during the period of study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corruption Economic Growth
  • government expenditures
  • Political Stability
  • Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC). JEL:O11
  • C39
  • C63
  • D60
  • D73

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