اندازه دولت و آزادی تجاری در ایران: شواهدی از مدل رگرسیون انتقال ملایم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه مازندران

2 عضو گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور

3 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشگاه مازندران

10.22096/esp.2015.17970

چکیده

چکیده
با توجه به اهمیت بحث اثرگذاری آزادی تجاری بر اندازه دولت، مطالعه حاضر در تلاش است با استفاده از مدل رگرسیون انتقال ملایم (STR) و داده‌های فصلی 1369-1389 اثرگذاری غیرخطی آزادی تجاری بر اندازه دولت در ایران را مورد بررسی قرار دهد. نتایج حاصل از برآورد الگوی تحقیق نشان می‌دهد آزادی تجاری طی دوره مورد مطالعه به صورت نامتقارن و در قالب یک ساختار دو رژیمی بر اندازه دولت تأثیر گذاشته است؛ به ‌نحوی که آزادی تجاری در رژیم اول (هنگامی که حجم تجارت کمتر از 53/39 درصد GDP است) همگام با فرضیه کارایی اثر منفی و در رژیم دوم (هنگامی که حجم تجارت بیشتر از 53/39 درصد GDP است) همگام با فرضیه جبران اثر مثبتی بر اندازه دولت داشته است. همچنین نتایج بیانگر افزایش اندازه دولت در اثر افزایش سهم درآمدهای دولت و سرمایه‌گذاری از تولید ناخالص داخلی می‌باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Government Size and Trade Openness in Iran: Evidence from Smooth Transition Regression (STR) Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • null null 1
  • Jalal Montazeri Shoorekchali 2
  • Ayoub Khazaei 3
چکیده [English]

Considering the importance of the relationship between government size and trade openness, this study has examined the nonlinearity effect of trade openness on the government size in Iran during the period 1991-2011. The results show that trade openness has an asymmetric effect on the government size in the form of a two regime model.Also, in the first regime (when trading volume is less than 39/53% of GDP), trade openness, consistent with the Efficiency Hypothesis, has negative effect on the government size. Whereas in the second regime (when trading volume is more than 39/53of GDP), trade openness, consistent with the Compensation Hypothesis, has positive effect on the government size. Finally, the results show that the size of government increases by increasing the share of government revenues and investment in GDP.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Trade Openness
  • Government Size
  • Iran
  • Smooth Transition Regression (STR) Model

الف- فارسی

1-دادگر، یدالله؛ نظری، روح‌الله؛ «بررسی تأثیر جهانی شدن تجارت بر اندازه دولت در ایران»، فصلنامه پژوهش­نامه بازرگانی، 1387، شماره 12 (48).

2-صادقی، حسن؛ صامتی، مجید؛ سامتی، مرتضی؛ «تأثیر جهانی شدن اقتصاد بر اندازه دولت (مطالعه کشورهای منتخب آسیایی)»، فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی رشد و توسعه اقتصادی، 1391، شماره 2 (6).

3-فلاحتی، علی؛ سپهبان قره‌بابا، اصغر؛ «اثرات آزادسازی‌های تجاری و مالی بر اندازه دولت (مطالعه موردی: ایران)»، مطالعات اقتصاد بین‌الملل، 1388، شماره 20 (35).

4-کریمی پتانلار، سعید؛ قادری، سامان؛ سنگین آبادی، بهرام؛ (1389)، «اثر جهانی شدن تجاری و مالی بر اندازه دولت در ایران»، اقتصاد و تجارت نوین، 1389، شماره 6 (21-22).

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